The reading assignment in history is in fifteen pages into one chapter, and it illustrates about the topic Early African Societies and the Bantu Migrations. The book was written by Jerry H. Bentley. Jerry was a world history professor at University of Hawai’i.

  • Paragraph analysis of the context and the content of the reading:

The reading assignment in history is in fifteen pages into one chapter, and it illustrates about the topic Early African Societies and the Bantu Migrations. The book was written by Jerry H. Bentley. Jerry was a world history professor at University of Hawai’i. He wrote on the cultural history of early modern Europe and other world history. The text contains information about history, dates, and events that happened in the past, so from the text information, it is mostly written for college students. The topic Early African Societies and the Bantu Migrations was the main topic for the midterm exam, so it is important for student to read and understand this chapter or topic in order to do very well in the midterm exam.

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  • An outline of the reading:
  • Early African society
  • Agricultural society in Africa
  • Geographic condition enhance the Egyptians to build a strong economical state.
  • Nubia is the link between the Egyptians and the Southeast Asia.
  • Climatic Change of Agriculture in Africa.
  • After the end of ice age, Sahara was full of green land and rivers.
  • Human relied on the cattle and wild grain.
  • Sudanic Agriculture
  • After 9000 B.C.E. Eastern Sudan their main resource was wild grain.
  • Western Sudan start to grow yams near the rivers.
  • Agriculture development helped Sudanese to create their religious belief.
  • Climatic Change
  • After 5000 B.C.E. Sahara turned into desert, hot and dry weather.
  • The Nile River Valley
  • Located in the east Africa.
  • The world longest river, 6,694 Km.
  • Helps to grow plants.
  • The Nile River Agriculture History
  • Egyptians and Nubia were relying on the Nile for their economy.
  • Ethiopians provided to Egyptians and Nubia how to grow crops, speak language.
  • There was a competition between Egyptians and Nubia near the Nile River.
  • The Unification of Egypt
  • Egyptians took a different path and increase their economic.
  • Start to with build more strong and larger state
  • Menes who helped to make strong economic, found the city of Memphis.
  • Menes built the state in the pharaoh’s time.
  • The Archaic Period and the Old Kingdome
  • The Archaic was pharaoh’s era.
  • Where the pyramid built.
  • Khufu is the greatest pyramid
  • It took 84k laborers for 80 days a year. For 20 years.
  • The relationship Between Egypt and Nubia
  • Both side have the interests of taking the land
  • Egypt wants the most valuable interest, political and commercial.
  • Nubians also has the same interest, besides protecting the independence.
  • The Early Kingdome of Kush
  • Pharaohs destroyed Nubia.
  • Egyptians built Kush, with a capital at Kerma, south of Aswan.
  • Kush became wealthy state.
  • Number of people traveled from Egypt to Nubia searching for Political alliances.
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  • Analysis of the use of outside sources in the text:

The author uses one resource from outside: Miriam Lichtheim, ed. Ancient Egyptian Literature, 3 vols, which there was two parts of topic named Sources from the Past. This part of text gives additional story or quote as part of continuous telling history of the text. I think the author didn’t referenced from outside because he is intelligent about history, he has background knowledge about it as well.

  • Analysis of Difficulty level of the reading:

Almost In every sentence in the text reading contains from 17 to 23 words, every 10 sentences contains 7 to 8 sentences have more than 20 words. The text is mostly easy to read, and it has simple easy storytelling and events. From my experience of reading the text, it is more like National Geographic channel, the commentator talks about documentary that tells a story about animals or Kingdome of animals and how they fight and survive.

I think the author rarely used so difficult words that really I can’t understand or confusing me. I would give the text 8/10 of how easy that any academic students can read. However, it wasn’t surprisingly that I found words that really difficult to me. For example, in the beginning of the text, agriculture which means the science or occupation of farming.

The idea of the text is easy to understand for me. Whereas the events and the names were really confusing to me. For instant, in page 53, the topic the relationship between Egypt and Nubia and the topic after. The idea that Egypt and Nubia were in war but then it didn’t say who won in this war. The story kept saying that the Egyptians went to Nubia looking for something, from this point I re-read the topics to understand the idea.

 

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