INSTRUCTIONS&nbsp Thefinal exam constitutes 25% of your total

INSTRUCTIONS:  Thefinal exam constitutes 25% of your total class grade.  Thisexam is comprised of two questions. You must answer both questions. · Your exam answers must NOT EXCEED the pagetotal listed for each question.  Youwill be graded on your ability to accurately and concisely determine, assessand present the issues in the questions.· Exam questions raise many issues, DISCUSSONLY THE MOST RELEVANT.  Toreiterate, please be CONCISE in your answers.  · Answers to questions must be typed,double-spaced, 12 pt. font, 1-inch margins, with page numbers. · Place your name ONLY on a separatesheet AT THE END of your exam to ensure blind grading.  This page will not be counted againstany page number limitation. · Do NOT put your name on a cover page oranywhere else on your exam answers.· Endnotes do NOT count toward your page totaland are encouraged.  It isimportant to CITE your sources.   · Use examples from the readings and lecturesas appropriate.  · Your answers must be written in good,complete, Standard English with careful attention to correct spelling andgrammar.  Outlines,’bullets,’ incomplete and run on sentences are not acceptable andwill not be graded.  Edit andproofread carefully.  It isrecommended that you use the spell check and grammar check functions on yourword processing program.  · AVOID THE PASSIVE TENSE.·  Answers must integrate thecourse readings with the lecture materials.  Some questions call for YOUR OWN IDEAS, supported byanalysis and cannot be answered solely by reciting authors and facts.  Your own ideas and analysis areimportant components of your grade. Show that you have read the material, understand it, and have thoughtabout it.  Your answers should discussalternative points of view and present alternative viewpoints thoroughly andsympathetically.  Consider theARGUMENTS, the AUTHORS associated with these arguments where appropriate andthe EVIDENCE supporting the various positions and include appropriate CITATIONS.  · Make sure that you answer EVERY PARTof the question.  For citationsfrom the class assignments, cite the author’s last name and the pagenumber.  Use this or an alternativemethod consistently throughout.  · Answers must reflect your own work.· University academic ethics codesapply.  Cheating and plagiarism inall their forms are unacceptable and will result in either a grade of zero forthe assignment, a grade of zero for the course, and/or any other disciplinaryaction warranted by the University, up to and including academic probation orUniversity expulsion.  Your answers are due on orbefore 8:00 pm on 01 May 2016. Completed exams must be emailed (in MS Word) in their entirety and mustarrive before the deadline.  It is your responsibility to ensurethat answers are received completed and in their entirety prior to the deadlineExamQuestions:ANSWERQUESTION 1 1. Stabilization and reconstruction (S&R)and counterinsurgency (COIN) are two undertakings, which often go hand-in-hand,but are fundamentally different and require distinct strategies.  Detail the differences and similaritiesfrom the strategic, operational and tactical aspects of both. Use examples fromlectures and readings to support your conclusions.  Please use relevant case studies to support yourconclusions.  .  NO MORE THAN 4 PAGES.ANSWERQUESTION 2 2. Assess theeffectiveness of the Guiding Principles from USIP.  Are the end states realistic, are the principles achievableand are they helpful in achieving peace in conflict situations such as Syria,Iraq and Afghanistan?  Can they,and do these principles help in refugee situations such as current events inTurkey, Cyprus, and Europe?  Relative .  NO MORE THAN 3 PAGES.The reading · Guiding Principles for Stabilization and Reconstruction.  Washington, DC:  United States Institute of Peace and United States ArmyPeacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute, 2009.  Available at: http://www.usip.org/sites/default/files/guiding_principles_full.pdf· Commanding Heights.  Washington, DC:  National Defense University Press,2009.  Available at:  http://cco.ndu.edu/Portals/96/Documents/books/commanding-heights/commanding_heights.pdf·  Monopolyof Force. Washington, DC: Center for Complex Operations, National Defense UniversityPress, 2011.  Available at:  http://cco.ndu.edu/Portals/96/Documents/books/monopoly-of-force/monopoly-of-force.pdfRecommended Readings:· The Beginners’Guide to Nation Buildinghttp://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/2007/RAND_MG557.pdf· Dambisa Moyo, Dead Aid, New York: Farrar, Strauss and Giroux, 2009.·  WilliamEasterly, The White Man’s Burden, Oxford:  Oxford University Press, 2007.  ·  Fukuyama, Francis. 2006. NationBuilding: Beyond Afghanistan and Iraq. John Hopkins·  Fukuyama, Francis. 2004.State-Building: Governance and World Order in the 21st Century. UniversityPress. Cornell University Press