For this assignment, you will compose a well-written and thoughtful short-essay of 500-750 words in length (2-3 pages). Select and answer one of the four questions provided.

Format & Expectations

State your thesis, the answer you want to defend using at least three well-supported reasons embodying logic, reason, and research. Give possible objections to your arguments, answer these objections and restate your conclusion. Essays should include a Works Cited page following MLA Style. For grading expectations, please see the iRubric for this assignment in the Gradebook.


Submit your essay as an attachment within the Assignments area.

Due: Sunday, by 11:55 p.m., ET


Answer one of the questions below in a well-written, thoughtful essay: Do all arguments about abortion come down to the question of what is the moral status of the fetus? Explain. Agree or disagree with the statement, “the only proper context for sex given its nature is as part of a committed personal relation”. Agree or disagree with the statement, “there is no objective right and wrong because people never agree about what is right and wrong”. Psychological egoism is the view that all persons, without exception, seek their own self-interest. Argue for or against.


politics essay


The historical strengths of the American media are that it is privately owned and largely free of government interference.

View John Oliver’s piece on corporate consolidation in local news media:

Is private ownership of the media a strength, a weakness, or the lesser of evils? What might the alternative be?

 1.) Write a 2-3 page reaction paper addressing the questions or concerns raised in the reading or video.   

 Papers should have a compelling thesis, should be well organized and proof-read, and should use outside sourcing. 

Week 8 discussion

Trend Analysis

 The local government is running a flu vaccination program. Are the following costs fixed, variable, or step costs? A. Cost of occupancy B. costs of management C. costs of part-time employee salaries added on service volume D. costs of vaccine consumed


Administrative Changes” Please respond to the following: Discuss at least two challenges an administrator should consider when preparing a trend analysis over a five-year period. Justify your response.

APA format for both please

discussion post and response

Issue ownership is the notion that parties strategically focus on and represent certain issues in order to do well with voters.

Issue ownership: Rethinking some of the fundamentals

What is your reaction to this week’s reading on issue ownership and the information contained in the link above? What issues do the Democratic and Republican Parties “own” today? In what ways have they lost ground or experienced recent “trespassing” of these issues? Speculate on which issues Democrats and Republicans will attempt to own and trespass on in the 2020 General Election.

*Note: Reaction posts should be 2 paragraphs in length.

This will be a response to a student max 4 sentences this 

After doing the reading for this week I have a much better grasp on what exactly issue ownership is; the idea that voters associate certain issues with certain parties. As described in the reading from monkeycage.org, tax cut issues would be more closely associated with the Republican party while environmental issues would be more closely associated with the Democratic party. Current issues that are “owned” by the Republican party are more fiscal while issues that are “owned” by Democrats are more social. 

 Trespassing of issues has actually helped parties gain credibility with voters. As noted in the readings, when things that were discussed among party members that were already associated with said party, little progress was made. However, when they began “trespassing” on issues that the other party identified with the trespassing party gained credibility. In 2020 I believe that Republicans will begin to dip their feet in more social reformation issues while Democrats do the same with fiscal issues. 

need it done 8 hours from now

Due 7/3/19 (500 Words)


How does the war on terror change the way as Americans look at Domestic and National Security?

Are we more secure as a nation today or less secure then before 9/11?

How has the Department of Homeland Security changed from 2003 to the present with regard to the war on drugs? 

Please answer each part separately. 

500 word 3 References APA format.


view case: Lukumi Babalu Aye v. City of Hiakleah


Answer the following questions in 1 page:

1. In what ways does the case violate the Free Exercise Clause? Did this act go too far? (around 75 words)

2. In what ways does it not violate the Free Exercise Clause? How far can a person go to practice their beliefs?  (around 75 words)

3. What is your opinion on the case?  (around 75 words)

4. Find one Supreme Court Case that supports your opinion. Show how this case relates to your opinion.  (around 75 words)

Legal Writing Assignment

Pamela  Smith and David Smith have been married for five years, and are undergoing divorce proceedings while still residing together in the marital home. During a verbal argument in which both are  yelling at each other and calling each other  names and profanities ,  Pamela tries to walk past David and their shoulders inadvertently  hit into each other. David turns around and with two hands and  slightly pushes  Pamela saying “Don’t touch me.” Pamela stumbles backwards over a  shoe which had been left on the ground a few  minutes earlier and she falls to the floor.  There are no injuries other than a slight scrape mark on Pamela’s hand, and she does not need medical attention, 

Pamela comes to your office wanting you to represent her in filing a domestic violence restraining order against David for either  harassment or  simple assault.  Pamela tells you that there is no prior history of domestic violence by Davis, except for an incident two years ago in which David, while angry and intoxicated following a New Years Eve party , slapped Pamela in the face.  He admitted his actions the following day and apologized.

Your initial research reveals at least two cases which may be relevant on the issue of domestic violence restraining orders , which reach different results.  The first case is Peranio v. Peranio, 280 N.J. Super 47 (App. Div. 1995), https://www.courtlistener.com/opinion/2183328/peranio-v-peranio/ (Links to an external site.) in which the Appellate Division reversed a trial court’s finding of domestic violence and dismissed a restraining order.  The second case is Cesare v. Cesare, 154 N.J. 394 (1998), https://www.courtlistener.com/opinion/1902533/cesare-v-cesare/ (Links to an external site.) in which the N.J. Supreme Court reversed the Appellate Division and reinstated the trial court’s finding of domestic violence and entry of a restraining order.

Please write a 3 part memorandum addressing the following:

PART 1:  What will be your strongest arguments in favor of a restraining order, using analogizing and distinguishing techniques with reference to the Peranio case and the Cesare case

PART 2:  What  do you anticipate will be the strongest arguments which your adversary (David’s attorney) will make in opposition to a restraining order, again using analogizing and distinguishing techniques with reference to the Peranio case and the Cesare case?

PART 3:  Address which arguments you feel are stronger – those supporting Pamela or those supporting David – and why.

Suggested Length of Memorandum:  3-5 pages double spaced.

306 wk db2 res2

What was life like for Jews in both the ghettos and concentration camps?

Before the final solution had been organized and plans made Jews faced death at the hands of Nazi Kill squads. Jews faced killing squads in occupied territories. Eventually, Jews and other dissidents were rounded up and placed in ghettos. The ghettos were dirty, and diseases constantly spread. The ghettos were used as a method to add pressure to Nazi leadership to finalize a solution to the Jewish problem (Troxler, 2018). In the ghettos, Jews faced overcrowded housing, unsanitary living conditions, and restricted freedom of movement. The ghettos seem to have served as a staging area to ensure all Jews were in a consolidated location for their eventual extermination. Concentration camps were located all over Germany and began to be established in 1933. Living conditions for Jews in these camps was much harsher than in the ghettos. Jews faced forced labor, starvation, and death by guards. Although death at concentration camps inside Germany was not nearly as systematic as in the death camps established in Poland however, guards still had the ability to kill prisoners if desired.

What would cause German soldiers and citizens to participate in the systematic killing of an entire ethnic population?

 Anti-Semitism had existed in Germany for centuries before the rise of Hitler and the Nazis. When the Nazis came to power and propagated the message of hatred of Jews and Slavic people, German citizens gladly bought into this message. The extreme hatred the German people had towards Jews drove them to willingly participated in all facets of the extermination and imprisonment of the Jewish people (Glass 1997). The Nazi propaganda machine dehumanized the entire Jewish ethnic group while simultaneously blaming them for all of Germany’s problems. This created an immense sense of disgust and hate towards the Jews further degrading their social standing. The German populace was told they are the master race and Jews were the lowest of the low. This created a sense of inferiority towards the Jews further desensitizing the population to the humanity of the Jewish people. In the end, a combination of dehumanizing propaganda, a hatred that is rooted in centuries-old mentalities, and a feeling of superiority led to many Germans willingly participating in the extermination of the Jewish population.

What was it like for ordinary citizens in the occupied areas?

 For non-Jewish or Slavic people’s life in occupied areas was not nearly as bad as their fellow countrymen. The Nazis controlled the education system, churches, and economies of occupied nations. Most people who the Nazis did not plan to exterminate had two choices when living in occupied areas, they could resist or collaborate occasionally however collaboration was not an option. Both of these held their positives and negative aspects. What choices were they forced to make?

Many people in occupied territories were forced to make a choice of whether to collaborate or resist. Many made that choice based off of ideology, selfish ambition, patriotism, and a lack of any other viable option. Many had to choose whether or not to stay in their locations such as occupied France or Belgium or try to flee to another neutral country. Did they collaborate or resist occupation?

In every occupied nation across Europe, there were resistance movements (Shubert & Goldstein 2012). These movements were not as effective as some others. For example, resistance put up in Norway was much more passive than that of the resistance in Yugoslavia. France had upwards of over 200,000 resistance fighters resisting German occupation. With the resistance, however, came collaboration. Many nations established their own fascist parties and acted as puppets of the German occupiers. From Norway to Vichy France to Poland many people took the chance to actively work with the Nazis. For some, this was providing the locations of Jews to the SS, to fighting for Nazi Germany on the front, to having sexual relations with occupying Nazi troops. Why do you think they made those choices?

Many people made the choice to resist out of national pride. Many resisters were communists which is the natural enemy of fascism. For all occupied nations the idea of German rule without resistance was unacceptable. Resistance simply put for many was the only option. For collaborators, it was more complicated. Many were serving a selfish goal, picking the side they thought would win, or simply just trying to survive.


Glass, James. (1997). Against the indifference hypothesis: The Holocaust and the enthusiasts for murder. Political Psychology, Vol. 18.

Shubert, A. & Goldstein, R.J. (2012). Twentieth-century Europe [Electronic version]. Retrieved from https://content.ashford.edu/

Troxler, S., (2018). Week Three Lecture: War and Atrocity. Retrieved from https://ashford.instructure.com/courses/35857/discussion_topics/1029891

Week 2 Assignment 1


Assignment 1: Policy Brief

The Federal Budget and how it gets made is a complex and lengthy process that has important implications for Federal and State agencies. Obviously, funding for each agency is going to affect that agency’s budget. Likewise, federal funding for social programs, education, and other programs such as disaster relief affects how states fund those programs in their own budgets. Using  “2017 America First – A Blueprint to Make America Great Again” (link below), compare the federal budget with the budget of the Department of Education note how they are interconnected.

In a two- to three-page paper (not including cover and reference page), address the following:

Summarize the mission and budget of the department you selected.

Does the proposed budget of the department you chose include policy actions to reduce the deficit in the near future? 

Does the proposed budget put the government on a path to reduce the federal debt within a decade to a sustainable percentage of GDP?

Does the proposed budget align revenues and spending closely over the long term?

Does the proposed budget restrain major entitlement programs or introduce changes in spending and tax policies that will have cumulative beneficial fiscal effects over time?

Your assignment must follow these requirements:

Include a short introduction and use the questions as section headers.

Please include at least three references, not including the president’s budget and the budget of the department of your choice (peer-reviewed not required, as most of your sources will be within the last one to three years).

Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.

Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.