breast cancer

  • Research Review Paper Outline
  • Select two published research papers for your review: The research paper must be published in a reputable journal such as the following: The New England Journal of Medicine, Journal of American Medical Association, The Lancet, or American Journal of Public Health
  • Study hypothesis – a working assumption
  • Summarize the working assumption used by the study researchers in the two research papers that you are planning to critique and review
  • Population – describe the population used in the two research papers, for example
    • Closed cohort – membership is defined by a given event, and no exit is possible
    • Dynamic population – membership is defined by a given state, and exit occurs when the state terminates
  • Study design – describe the study design used in the research that you are reviewing
    • Experimental
    • Observational
    • Both
      • The timing of the observations
      • Cross-sectional study (i.e., the exposures, health conditions, and other factors are recorded at the same point in time using prevalence data without attempting to reconstruct the exposure history)
      • Longitudinal study (i.e., since diseases occur over time, we normally expect a longitudinal recording of exposures and diseases in the follow-up study and in the case control study)
      • Define the relevant etiologic time window
      • What is the available knowledge of the conditions under study?
      • What is the hypothesized effect of the exposure?
  • Research study base – describe the research study base used for the research paper you are reviewing
  • Population sampling – describe the sampling approach used in the research (e.g., randomized cohort, case/control)
  • Data type – describe the type of data collection used in the research paper
    • Primary data – referred to as ad hoc data, or actual collection of data by researcher from a primary source or person
    • Secondary data – referred to as antecedent data, is data collected primarily for other purposes and used in the study (e.g., data from medical files, registration records, and so on)
    • Both
  • Statistical data – describe the statistics that were used in the research study
    • Descriptive statistics – can be defined as those methods involving the collection, presentation, and characterization of a set of data in order to describe the various features of that set of data properly
    • Inferential statistics – can be defined as those methods that make possible the estimation of characteristics of a population or the making of a decision concerning a population based only on sample result
  • Conclusion – describe the conclusions that were made in the research and indicate whether you believe these conclusions were valid or not
    • Outline one or more study limitations and opportunity for further research
    • Use at least two additional references or other research papers that confirm whether these conclusions are valid
  • Use at least three references/sources such as following
    • The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM)
    • Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA)
    • The Lancet
    • American Journal of Public Health